Claudius hastily married King Hamlet's widow, GertrudeHamlet's mother, and took the throne for himself. Denmark has a long-standing feud with neighbouring Norway, in which King Hamlet slew King Fortinbras of Norway in a battle some years ago.
Shakespeare, Act 5, Scene 9, painting by Nicolai Abildgaard. Now is the winter of our discontent Made glorious summer by this sun of York; And all the clouds that lour'd upon our house In the deep bosom of the ocean buried.
Richard is an ugly hunchback who is "rudely stamp'd", "deformed, unfinish'd", and cannot "strut before a wanton ambling nymph. He confides to the audience: I'll marry Warwick 's youngest daughter. What, though I kill'd her husband and her father? The scene then changes to reveal Lady Anne accompanying the corpse of the late king Henry VIalong with Trestle and Berkeley, on its way from St Paul's cathedral to interment.
She asks them to set down the "honourable load — if honour may be shrouded in a hearse ", and then laments the fate of the house of Lancaster. Richard suddenly appears and demands that the "unmanner'd dog" carrying the hearse set it down, at which point a brief verbal wrangling takes place.
Despite initially hating him, Anne is won over by his pleas of love and repentance, agreeing to marry him. When she leaves, Richard exults in having won her over despite all he has done to her, and tells the audience that he will discard her once she has served her purpose.
The atmosphere at court is poisonous: The established nobles are at odds with the upwardly mobile relatives of Queen Elizabetha hostility fueled by Richard's machinations.
Queen MargaretHenry VI's widow, returns in defiance of her banishment and warns the squabbling nobles about Richard.
Queen Margaret curses Richard and the rest who were present. The nobles, all Yorkistsreflexively unite against this last Lancastrianand the warning falls on deaf ears. Richard orders two murderers to kill Clarence in the tower. Clarence, meanwhile, relates a dream to his keeper.
The dream includes vivid language describing Clarence falling from an imaginary ship as a result of Gloucester, who had fallen from the hatches, striking him. Under the water Clarence sees the skeletons of thousands of men "that fishes gnawed upon".
|Macbeth Act 5 Scene 5 - Macbeth finds out Lady Macbeth is dead||The play opens with the chorus reciting a poem. Then, in the opening dialogue, Shakespeare spices his writing with puns and double-entendres, as when the servants Sampson and Gregory make veiled sexual references:|
He also sees "wedges of gold, great anchors, heaps of pearl, inestimable stones, unvalued jewels". All of these are "scattered in the bottom of the sea". Clarence adds that some of the jewels were in the skulls of the dead.
He then imagines dying and being tormented by the ghosts of Warwick Anne's fatherand Edward of Westminster Anne's deceased husband. After Clarence falls asleep, Brakenbury, Lieutenant of the Tower of London, enters and observes that between the titles of princes and the low names of commoners, there is nothing different but the "outward fame", meaning that they both have "inward toil" whether rich or poor.
When the murderers arrive, he reads their warrant issued in the name of the Kingand exits with the Keeper, who disobeys Clarence's request to stand by him, and leaves the two murderers the keys. Clarence wakes and pleads with the murderers, saying that men have no right to obey other men's requests for murder, because all men are under the rule of God not to commit murder.
The murderers imply Clarence is a hypocrite because, as one says, "thou One murderer insists Gloucester himself sent them to perform the bloody act, but Clarence does not believe him. He recalls the unity of Richard Duke of York blessing his three sons with his victorious arm, bidding his brother Gloucester to "think on this and he will weep".
Next, one of the murderers explains that his brother Gloucester hates him, and sent them to the Tower to kill him.Explanation of the famous quotes in Macbeth, including all important speeches, comments, quotations, and monologues. Macbeth: Dark, Evil, and Tragic - “Macbeth”- A revered play written in the 16th century by the famous playwright: William Shakespeare.
+ free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Lady Macbeth speaks these words in Act 1, scene 5, lines 36–52, as she awaits the arrival of King Duncan at her castle.
We have previously seen Macbeth’s uncertainty about whether he should take the crown by killing Duncan. What's on SparkNotes. No Fear Shakespeare.
Explanation of the famous quotes in Macbeth, including all important speeches, comments, quotations, and monologues. Revenge and Vengeance in Shakespeare's Hamlet - Speculation about whether the Shakespearean drama Hamlet satisfies the requirements of an Elizabethan revenge tragedy is discussed in this paper, with considerable critical commentary. Richard III is a historical play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written around It depicts the Machiavellian rise to power and subsequent short reign of King Richard III of England. The play is grouped among the histories in the First Folio and is most often classified as such. Occasionally, however, as in the quarto edition, it is termed a tragedy.
The full text of all the plays, side-by-side with modern English translations. Literature Study Guides. The best on the internet.
The Theme of Revenge in Hamlet - Hamlet is a play based on revenge. Gertrude, Hamlet’s mother, marries Claudius, Hamlet’s uncle after killing his brother.