Roosevelt signing the Declaration of War against Japan on the day following the attack On December 7,the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the U. After two hours of bombing, 18 U. The day after the attack, President Franklin D.
See Article History Alternative Title: Yamamoto graduated from the Japanese Naval Academy inand a year later he was wounded in action at the Battle of Tsushima during the Russo-Japanese War. In he enrolled in the Japanese Naval Staff College, and after graduating in he was adopted into the Yamamoto family and changed his name.
As a lieutenant commander, Yamamoto studied English at Harvard University — He then taught at the Japanese Naval Staff College —23 before being sent to Kasumigaura in Ibaraki prefecture for flight training in From his time in the United States, Yamamoto took habits and patterns of thought that influenced his later war service.
In addition to becoming a relentless poker player, Yamamoto developed a low opinion of American naval officers, considering the U. On the other hand, he developed a healthy respect for American industrial capacity.
Left to right Capt.
Secretary of the Navy Curtis D. Wilbur, another Japanese naval officer, and Adm. Eberle, chief of U. Library of Congress, Washington, D.
He commanded the aircraft carrier Akagi in Promoted to rear admiral inYamamoto served as chief of the Technological Division of the Naval Air Corps, where he championed the development of fast carrier-borne fighter planes, a program that produced the famous Zero fighters.
Inas a vice admiral, he became the vice minister of the navy. Yamamoto commanded the First Fleet inand he became commander in chief of the Combined Fleet in In these later capacities, Yamamoto used his growing seniority to turn the navy away from battleships, which he viewed as obsolete, in favour of tactics based on aircraft carriers—carrier tactics that he later incorporated into the plan to attack Pearl Harbor.
Naval Historical Center Photo number: Contrary to popular belief, Yamamoto argued for a war with the United States once Japan made the fateful decision to invade the rich lands of Southeast Asia; others in the naval ministry hoped to avoid war with America even while making war with Dutch and British possessions in Asia.
Any long war with the United States, Yamamoto believed, would spell disaster for Japan. Although he was not the author of the detailed plan to attack Pearl Harbor, he certainly championed it within government circles.
Pacific Fleet at anchorage in Pearl Harbor. Yet the great tactical success of the Pearl Harbor strike obscured a strategic calamity. Far from encouraging the United States to sue for peace, the attack enflamed the American public; the surprise bombing, designed to avert a long conflict with the United States, instead helped ensure a prolonged and total war.
Yamamoto stumbled further at the Battle of Midway June 4—6,where he hoped to destroy U. The Japanese battle plan included the movement of eight separate task forces, a diversionary attack in the Aleutian Islandsand the occupation of the Midway Islandsall while attempting the destruction of the American carriers.
Despite his relative inexperience at sea in the years before Pearl Harbor, his contribution to naval strategy lies in his early recognition of the effectiveness of carrier-based aircraft in long-range naval attacks.Dusko Popov was a Yugoslav who worked as a double agent for both Germany and Britain.
His true allegiance was to the Allies. In the summer of , the Nazis ordered Popov to Hawaii to make a detailed study of Pearl Harbor and its nearby airfields. The agent deduced that the mission betokened a surprise attack by the Japanese.
The attack on Pearl Harbor ranks as the most successful military surprise attack in the early years of combined naval/aerial combat. On December 7, the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service struck the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory.
Pearl Harbor summary: On December 7, the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the US Naval Base Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, using bombers, torpedo bombers and midget submarines.
Pearl Harbor attack, (December 7, ), surprise aerial attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor on Oahu Island, Hawaii, by the Japanese that precipitated the entry of the United States into World War II. The strike climaxed a decade of worsening relations between the United States and Japan.
Pearl Harbor attack, (December 7, ), surprise aerial attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor on Oahu Island, Hawaii, by the Japanese that precipitated the entry of the United States into World War II.
The strike climaxed a decade of worsening relations between the United States and Japan. Pearl Harbor is a natural deepwater naval port on the Hawaiian island of Oahu, located just west of Honolulu. At the time of the attack, Hawaii was an American territory, and the military base at Pearl Harbor was home to the U.S.
Navy's Pacific Fleet.