This international conflict is perhaps the most written about and studied piece of United States history.
Reconstruction refers to the period following the Civil War of rebuilding the United States. It was a time of great pain and endless questions. On what terms would the Confederacy be allowed back into the Union?
Who would establish the terms, Congress or the President?
What was to be the place of freed blacks in the South? Did Abolition mean that black men would now enjoy the same status as white men? What was to be done with the Confederate leaders, who were seen as traitors by many in the North?
Although the military conflict had ended, Reconstruction was in many ways still a war. This important struggle was waged by radical northerners who wanted to punish the South and Southerners who desperately wanted to preserve their way of life.
Library of Congress LC-USZ This drawing of African American soldiers returning to their families in Little Rock, Arkansas, after the war captures the exhuberant spirit of many former slaves upon gaining their freedom.
They were soon to find out that freedom did not necessarily mean equality. Slavery, in practical terms, died with the end of the Civil War. Three Constitutional amendments altered the nature of African-American rights. The Thirteenth Amendment formally abolished slavery in all states and territories.
The Fourteenth Amendment prohibited states from depriving any male citizen of equal protection under the law, regardless of race.
The Fifteenth Amendment granted the right to vote to African-American males. Ratification of these amendments became a requirement for Southern states to be readmitted into the Union.
Although these measures were positive steps toward racial equality, their enforcement proved extremely difficult. The period of Presidential Reconstruction lasted from to He pardoned most Southern whites, appointed provisional governors and outlined steps for the creation of new state governments.
Johnson felt that each state government could best decide how they wanted blacks to be treated. Many in the North were infuriated that the South would be returning their former Confederate leaders to power.
They were also alarmed by Southern adoption of Black Codes that sought to maintain white supremacy. Recently freed blacks found the postwar South very similar to the prewar South. He later tried to disband the group when they became too violent. The Congressional elections of brought Radical Republicans to power.
They wanted to punish the South, and to prevent the ruling class from continuing in power. They passed the Military Reconstruction Acts ofwhich divided the South into five military districts and outlined how the new governments would be designed.
Under federal bayonets, blacks, including those who had recently been freed, received the right to vote, hold political offices, and become judges and police chiefs.
They held positions that formerly belonged to Southern Democrats. Many in the South were aghast. President Johnson vetoed all the Radical initiatives, but Congress overrode him each time.
It was the Radical Republicans who impeached President Johnson in Lesson Plans: Was Reconstruction a Revolution? (Congress in History) Summary: Students will examine several historical congressional records from the Reconstruction period to assess whether the documents show evidence that the Reconstruction period of American history should or .
History SA01 – United States History to Instructor: 18 July Pre and Post Reconstruction Period – Politics, Economic and Social Effects This research paper is intended to explain in general terms some of the political, economics and social effects America dealt with during the Pre and Post Reconstruction Period.
Reconstruction, Reconstruction era of the United States, Reconstruction of the Rebel States, Reconstruction of the South, Reconstruction of the Southern States The Reconstruction era was the period from to in American history.
The term has two applications: Disfranchisement after Reconstruction era (United States) Jim Crow. The Battle Over Reconstruction (3 Lessons) Tools. Share. The Unit. Another consideration in post-bellum America was a new question for southern society: What would be the role of the newly freed black population of the South?
students come to understand the complex nature of political decision-making in the United States. In this lesson. Nov 26, · American Reconstruction Essay. Reconstruction and the Myth of the Lost Cause. was the most severe military conflict the country had seen; it involved the United States of America (the Union), and eleven secessionist Southern states (the Confederate States of America).
Analysis of The Reconstruction Period. Nov 26, · Analysis of the Three Plans for Reconstruction The American Civil War, lasting from , was the most severe military conflict the country had seen; it involved the United States of America (the Union), and eleven secessionist Southern states (the Confederate States of America).