Visit Website Did you know? The recent decline in immigration coincided with the economic downturn in the U.
An Overview of Entry, Risk, and Policy Posted by Nicole SmithJan 17, Politics Comments Closed Print Illegal immigration has been a steady presence in policy and public discussions for decades now and is often the subject of heated, emotional discussion and a wide breadth of important social research.
What creates great tension is that there are two strong opinions about the subject. On the one hand, there are U. While the main goal of the following discussion about illegal immigration is concerned with revealing the ways illegal immigrants enter the United States, the underlying concern rests also with the notion that there are thousands who put their lives at risk to come to the United States.
Those who are desperate enough to try to come into the United States illegally obviously have compelling reasons to do so and in order to best explore such causes, motivating factors will be given considered.
Finally, a conclusive element to the following discussion about illegal immigration will touch on policy and the future of immigration in the United States and will reflect on the issues of risk, reasons driving migration, and how the United States is prepared to handle this issue as it continues.
One of the first thoughts that come to mind when someone mentions the topic of illegal immigration into the United States is the entry through the U. This most prominent relationship many make to illegal immigrations exists because the vast majority of illegal immigrants already in the country are those of Mexican nationality.
Undocumented workers and residents who are here illegally come from many other countries and find entry into the United States in much different ways.
In addition to crossing the border by being smuggled in or otherwise sneaking across the border, there are a few less dangerous modes of entrance into the United States, at least physically.
The majority of other illegal immigrants remain in the country after the legal period for their stay has passed—something that happens most frequently with foreign students Edmonston An overview of the united states phenomena of illegal immigration and another way is by visiting the country as a tourist but never leaving or attempting to gain official citizenship.
While these processes of illegal entrance into the United States all come with risks of deportation, the most pressing issue surrounding many contemporary debates about illegal immigration concerns those who are willing to risk their lives to get into the United States and who come at great peril.
Estimates concerning the number of deaths that occur due the extreme heat of the day in this region are quite inconsistent and difficult to find with any regularity in the projected numbers Edmonston Still, it is known that many Mexicans succumb to the heat and lack of water during their trip and that at night, the temperatures can drop below freezing in the very same area.
Mexican citizens with enough money and who are female, have children along with them, or are otherwise unwilling or unable to make the dangerous trek across the desert often hire smugglers at great cost to get them through border security and in the United States.
These smugglers pack as many immigrants into one small space as possible at one time to make their risk worth it and this is also a leading cause of death among illegal immigrants crossing the border.
There are many things that can go wrong when being smuggled and there have been reports throughout the years of car crashes in which immigrants were found dead in mangled vans and other reports of smuggled immigrants suffocating due to a lack of oxygen in their containers.
This is indeed one of the riskiest journeys, but is not the only dangerous physical border crossing. In addition to the border with Mexico and the high risks involved with illegal border crossing there, other countries contribute vastly to the population of illegal immigrants in the United States.
While Haines and other scholars note that of illegal immigrants from non-European nations, those from Caribbean nations are more likely to have stayed over working Visas, there are still a large number who cross into port cities such as Miami, Florida on small and dangerous boats, some of which are handmade and not seaworthy.
While those illegal immigrants who overstay their Visas or continue to live in the country after their legal ability to do so has expired face possible short jail time and oftentimes certain deportation, this is a much less risky form of illegal immigration.
The most deadly and personally risky efforts to enter the United States illegally involve physical attempts to cross into borders. These deaths continue, especially now as immigration, particularly as it exists in Texas, Arizona, California, and other border states grows even more strict.
In all of the policy-making and large amounts of funding that goes into erecting physical border markers and deterrents that prevent illegal immigration, the one element is ignored is the reasoning behind such great personal risks simply to move to another country.
As it stands, economic reasons are one of the main reasons cited by most scholars for why those, especially from Latin American nations, risk their lives. They are often coming to the United States to work in unskilled labor positions for minimum or under wage.
This is because the economy of Mexico is so disproportionate to that of its northern neighbor that for one Mexican illegal immigrant to make it, get a job, and work for week—the same amount of money for the same amount work could take almost six months to generate in Mexico Bejarano In short, the main motivator is simple economic need.
While social and political freedoms are also a reason cited by illegal immigrants who enter because they are oppressed in their home country and are seeking relative freedom from polical or social persecution, this is not the majority of reasons cited, although is certainly worth noting.
There needs to be more agreement on a balanced solution that integrates notions of national security with basic human compassion but with two sides that are so diametrically opposed to one another, this seems impossible. Until greater awareness of how risk and reason are related and drive so many to undergo perilous journeys for reasons most Americans have a difficult time relating to, the current situation of thousands dying in boats or in deserts will continue just as others will be deported.responsible for the enforcement of immigration laws in the interior of the united states.1 iCe has historically used a number of strategies to locate and apprehend persons suspected of violating civil and criminal provisions of the immigration and nationality Act 2 (inA).
Illegal immigration in the United States - Statistics & Facts Even though the number of illegal immigrants has stabilized in recent years after a period of rapid growth, in , the estimated immigrant population in U.S. was still roughly 11 million people. It is estimated that annual illegal immigration to the United States from to was twothirds the size it was from to The effect of immigrants on wages is especially misunderstood.
As lower-skilled workers enter the economy, the effect is often to raise the . The issue of illegal immigration has long been controversial in the United States.
In , President George W. Bush called for Congress to endorse his guest worker proposal, stating that illegal immigrants took jobs that Americans would not take. This article provides a comprehensive overview of major legislation and events affecting U.S. immigration throughout history, legal and illegal immigration flows, postrecession immigration trends, and more.
Immigration is not a simple matter, and in the modern world there is often much in the way of legislation which must be adhered to, in order that immigration will not be considered illegal. Very often barriers are being put by states, in order to limit and control the flow of immigrants.