The Fates of Human Societies. Diamond hypothesized that the arc of human history was dramatically shifted by geographic, environmental, biological, and other factors, resulting in the worldwide dominance of the leading industrial powers during the past years. Why is economic development so uneven around the world? Diamond posed questions fundamental to the experience of the human race.
Conclusions[ edit ] In the last chapter, he discusses environmental problems facing modern Guns germs and steel chapter 3 and addresses objections that are often given to dismiss the importance of environmental problems section "One-liner objections" .
In the "Further readings" section, he gives suggestions to people who ask "What can I do as an individual? In fact, one of the main lesson to be learned from the collapses of the Maya, Anasazi, Easter Islanders, and those other past societies [ Which of the values that formerly served a society well can continue to be maintained under new changed circumstances?
Which of these treasured values must instead be jettisoned and replaced with different approaches? Air pollution caused by industrial plants in China. Collapse is divided into four parts.
Part One describes the environment of the US state of Montanafocusing on the lives of several individuals to put a human face on the interplay between society and the environment.
Part Two describes past societies that have collapsed. Diamond uses a "framework" when considering the collapse of a society, consisting of five "sets of factors" that may affect what happens to a society: A recurrent problem in collapsing societies is a structure that creates "a conflict between the short-term interests of those in power, and the long-term interests of the society as a whole.
The Greenland Norse cf. Hvalsey Church climate change, environmental damage, loss of trading partners, hostile neighbors, irrational reluctance to eat fish, chiefs looking after their short-term interests.
Easter Island a society that collapsed entirely due to environmental damage The Polynesians of Pitcairn Island environmental damage and loss of trading partners The Anasazi of southwestern North America environmental damage and climate change The Maya of Central America environmental damage, climate change, and hostile neighbors Finally, Diamond discusses three past success stories: The tiny egalitarian Pacific island of Tikopia The agricultural success of egalitarian central New Guinea The forest management in stratified Japan of the Tokugawa -era, and in Germany.
Part Three examines modern societies, including: The collapse into genocide of Rwandacaused in part by overpopulation The failure of Haiti compared with the relative success of its neighbor on Hispaniolathe Dominican Republic The problems facing a developing nationChina The problems facing a First World nation, Australia Part Four concludes the study by considering such subjects as business and globalizationand "extracts practical lessons for us today" pp.
Specific attention is given to the polder model as a way Dutch society has addressed its challenges and the "top-down" and most importantly "bottom-up" approaches that we must take now that "our world society is presently on a non-sustainable course" p.
The results of this survey are perhaps why Diamond sees "signs of hope" nevertheless and arrives at a position of "cautious optimism" for all our futures. Tim Flannery gave Collapse the highest praise in Sciencewriting: Instead, what has emerged is arguably the most incisive study of senescing human civilizations ever written.
It is probably the most important book you will ever read.
First, the reviewer felt Diamond was not optimistic enough about the future. Secondly, the reviewer claimed Collapse contains some erroneous statistics: Rees explained this assertion as follows: The real problem is that the modern world remains in the sway of a dangerously illusory cultural myth.
Marohasy claims that Diamond reflects a popular view that is reinforced by environmental campaigning in Australia, but is not supported by evidence, and argues that many of his claims are easily disproved. The fact is, though, that we can be law-abiding and peace-loving and tolerant and inventive and committed to freedom and true to our own values and still behave in ways that are biologically suicidal.
While Diamond does not reject the approach of traditional historians, his book, according to Gladwell, vividly illustrates the limitations of that approach.
Gladwell demonstrates this with his own example of a recent ballot initiative in Oregon, where questions of property rights and other freedoms were subject to a free and healthy debate, but serious ecological questions were given scant attention.Auto Suggestions are available once you type at least 3 letters.
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Lulu Hardcover (v): this may be the best printed form of the book (it really looks pretty good), but it is also the most expensive way to obtain the black book of operating systems (a.k.a.
the comet book or the asteroid book according to students). Now just: $ Lulu Softcover (v): this way is pretty great too, if you like to read printed material but want to save a few bucks. In Guns, Germs, and Steel, anthropologist Jared Diamond explains why some societies are more materially successful than others.
He attributes societal success to geography, immunity to germs, food. Summary and Analysis of Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies: Based on the Book by Jared Diamond (Smart Summaries).
Guns, Germs, and Steel Questions and Answers - Discover the grupobittia.com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on Guns, Germs, and Steel.
Have you read Ted Koppel’s book about an anticipated EMP event? In the past, almost all the warnings about an electromagnetic pulse – whether from a massive solar storm or a terrorist attack – have been voiced by conservatives.