Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors:
You should compile a bibliography when writing an essay, article, or research paper that relies heavily on source material.
A bibliography is an alphabetized list of sources that have been used to compile data, typically in an article, essay, or research paper. It also allows a writer to give proper credit for quotes or key phrases that have been written and presented in a source that they may have referenced in their paper so as to avoid plagiarism.
Bibliography for Books The basic information you should cite when referencing a book includes; the author surname first, followed by their given name or initialsthe book title in italicsthe publisher, as well as the place and date of publication.
Each section should be followed by a full stop. Your citation should look like this: Smith, John Jacob Jingleheimer. Wu Xia and the Art of Scooter Maintenance. Note how the first line is not indented, but subsequent lines are.
This is the format for all multiple line citations, regardless of the source of the information. Multiple Authors Should the source have more than one author, your citation should appear as follows: If there are more than two authors for your source, note your citation as follows: Smith, John Jacob Jingleheimer et.
Occasionally, you will come across a source without a listed author; this is especially common when citing newspaper articles and articles from the internet. When this happens, you should simply move to the next step of your citation. Bibliography for Online Resources When you are citing an online source, do your best to include the following: Types of Bibliographies There are two main types of bibliography formats: MLA format is typically used by those writing in the liberal arts or humanities community.
It focuses on the author of the cited source material, in order to help the reader place him or her in the appropriate historical and philosophical context.
APA formaton the other hand, is used more often in the social sciences and is useful for citing from journals and other such publications. Its focus is more on the research presented in the source and when it was released, rather than the individuals who conducted it.
Regardless of the format used, every bibliography citation has to have a minimum amount of identifying information. The source matters when it comes to formatting the entry - book titles are underlined, article titles are in quotation marks - and determines what information is needed for example: Write down the citation information for each source as you review it, whether or not you think you will actually use it; it will keep your notes more organized and help you find information quickly when you're doing your actual writing.
Plus, it is good practice!Writing a list of references. At the end of all pieces of academic writing, you need a list of materials that you have used or referred to.
This usually has a heading: references but may be bibliography or works cited depending on the conventions of the system you use. The object of your writing is for you to say something for yourself using the ideas of the subject, for you to present ideas.
For the reference entry, input all author names in the order that they appear in the publication -- Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial., -- up until you have a source with 7 or more authors. If you have 7 or more authors, use a comma followed by an ellipses.
If you reference multiple works by the same author, arrange the works alphabetically by title. In APA style, the author's name is listed for all sources. In Chicago style, the author's name is replaced by six hyphens in citations past the first -- in MLA, three hyphens are used instead.
How to write a bibliography A bibliography is not just “works cited.” If you use footnotes to identify the source of your material or the authors of every quote, you DO NOT need a bibliography, UNLESS there are materials to which you do not refer directly (or if you refer to additional sections of the materials you already referenced.
For example, the way that you reference a single author will differ somewhat from how you reference a source with multiple authors. Before you create a reference section for a psychology paper, it is important to know how to properly list books, articles, and other sources in APA format.
You can use the Bibliography Worksheet to help you, just print out a few copies and take them with you to the library. As you find a source, write in all of the necessary information.
As you find a source, write in all of the necessary information.