While RadhakrishnanOldenberg and Neumann were convinced of Upanishadic influence on the Buddhist canon, Eliot and Thomas highlighted the points where Buddhism was opposed to Upanishads. Buddhist kings continued to revere Hindu deities and teachers, and many Buddhist temples were built under the patronage of Hindu rulers. It is commonly understood as a term to denote the entire cycle of cause and effect as described in the philosophies of a number of cosmologies, including those of Buddhism and Hinduism. Karma is a central part of Buddhist teachings.
The term Samsara, meaning universal system of cycle of birth and death finds place of prominence in Veda, the oldest religious text of Sanatana Dharma developed in India nearly — bc.
The Gods and Goddesses as depicted in Sanatana Dharma widely known as Hinduism are said to be re-born again and again as Avatars. Though no formal reference of re-incarnation is found in Christianity and Islam, as practiced by majority believers, there are sub-sects of these mainstream religions, members of Reincarnation buddhism vs hinduism do believe in re-incarnation.
Many Muslims believe Muhammad reincarnated into historical Muhammad, and there is wide-spread belief in Christianity that Jesus will re-appear on judgement day. This kind of re-incarnation however is not a general rule as found in India-born religions like Sanatana Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.
Even before organised religions except Hinduism came into existence beginning with Buddhism, re-incarnation used to dominate philosophical thoughts and discussion in ancient Greece, china, and South America.
There remains great deal of debate among followers of Hinduism as regards truth in the concept of re-incarnation. Nevertheless it is highly accepted as true by majority of Hindus, and even atheists.
Hindus believe that soul Atma is in-destructible and eternal; it can neither be destroyed nor be created. A human body is like the base on which soul is paced. With death soul leaves the old body and enters into a new body, and a new birth takes place, and the same process goes on.
Deeds and mis-deeds not only include visible and quantifiable actions, but also thoughts, beliefs, perceptions, wisdom, and ignorance. Thus a person will re-incarnate, not only to serve the punishment term for wrong doings, or to get rewards in terms of happy life for doing good things for man-kind and unquestioned devotion to God in last-life, but also to fulfil un-fulfilled heart-felt desires.
It is widely believed in Hinduism, that dedicated and deep love for another human being, be it father, mother, child, brother, sister, friend, romantic partner, or even pets can be the cause of re-incarnation of human beings. These are called Maya attachment which binds human beings to Samsara.
Ignorance is the root cause of Maya that is material desire and attachment to relationship. A human being is freed from such Maya with removal of such ignorance, and final emancipation is attained, and the cycle of re-birth ends.
Desire for material pleasure and attachment to near and dear ones are two different things. Like desire to become rich is a material desire, as it would enhance pleasure of sense organs. On the other hand attachment to near and dear ones is a deeper concept of Maya, although pleasure of sense organs like eye, ear, touch feeland even element of sexual pleasure are the constructs of such Maya.
Lord Krishna in his teachings in Gita, one of the greatest Hindu Scriptures, talks about Purushottama, and Sri Ramakrishna, the great Indian saint refers to the same in Kathamrita, to mean a person free from any kind of sensual pleasure or psychological attachment to any living or dead human-being to be free from re-incarnation, and attains Moksha freedom with death.
There are instances in Hindu mythology, where a rishi saintor Deva God or Avatar semi-God curses a human being or Rakshash demons to re-incarnate again and again contingent to happening of an incident, doing a particular act, or birth of a particular person, before the cursed can get salvation.
Reason of such curse could range from sexual promiscuity to hurting or killing human beings or animals or disrespect to the curser.
Rebirth as postulated in Buddhism is fundamentally different from re-incarnation in Hinduism, though Gautama Buddha the propagator Buddhism got inspiration from Hinduism to delve deep into the concept. It should be well to keep in mind that barring Hinduism no religion existed in that time.
Like Hinduism, Buddhist philosophy also to a great extent emphasises on cycle of birth.
|REBIRTH, REINCARNATION, SAMSARA||Hinduism and the Belief in Rebirth by Jayaram V According to Hinduism, a soul reincarnates again and again on earth until it becomes perfect and reunites with it Source.|
|The Belief of Reincarnation of Soul in Hinduism||You want the long or the short answer?|
|Rebirth vs. Reincarnation — NewBuddhist||They also both seek release from this cycle of rebirths. Hindus believe in an everlasting soul atman that is reincarnated more-or-less intact from birth to birth.|
At very early age, human misery, illness, old age, and death moved Gautama and a paradigm shift in him took place. Gautama became ascetic and left the palace to find answers to these deeply disturbing questions.
While seeking truth of life Gautama came to realise the idea of re-birth. For Buddha knowledge of rebirth was an integral part of his Nirvana spiritual awakening which he attained under the famous Bodhi tree in north India.
In the process of attaining spiritual awakening, Buddha said to have experienced his earlier lives on earth.
Buddhists enlightened by teachings of Buddha do not believe that Atma or soul is eternal and gets released from a dead body and enters in a new-born body, rather they subscribe to the view that state of existence for living beings occurs again and again, that is re-birth follows the law of cause and effect relationship.
And this happens because circumstances conducive to birth arise again and again. Buddha is said to have attained Nirvana during meditation. By Nirvana Buddha meant unbinding oneself from all earthly attachments, and thus getting freed from the cycle of re-birth.
The moment the cycle is broken, a feeling of Parama shanti or absolute bliss fills the heart, though Buddhist literatures are silent about the nature of such bliss.Circumstances of rebirth are not seen as rewards or punishments from a controlling God but are the natural results of various good deeds and misdeeds.
The cycle of rebirths involves suffering and continues until all cravings are lost and nirvana is achieved. The basic difference between Hinduism and Buddhism is this.
In Buddhism, Hinduism and Chinese religions, the word “reincarnation” don't exist, it is translated as “rebirth", more like an energy transformation from one form or body to another, resulting in a different being, form, realm or person.
Hinduism is about understanding Brahma, existence, from within the Atman, which roughly means "self" or "soul," whereas Buddhism is about finding the Anatman — "not soul" or "not self." In Hinduism, attaining the highest life is a process of removing the bodily distractions from life, allowing one to eventually understand the Brahma nature .
• Categorized under Religion | Difference between Hindu & Buddhist Idea of Reincarnation Introduction It is indeed very difficult for even the most intelligent persons in this world to fully fathom meaning of such words as Religion, God, Sin (paap), Dharma, Adharma, .
Vajrayana and Tantric Buddhism is defined by its mystic take on reincarnation and such.
The Sarma is Indian in origin from the great monasteries, It will be slightly different from the . Buddhism Rebirth vs. Hindu Reincarnation. In Hinduism, as per the teachings of Lord Krishna - there is Self(Atman or Purusha) which is permanent, eternal and unchanging.
the whole universe is composed of only two things: Matter and Consciousness i.e. Prakriti and Purusha. Similarities between Hinduism and Buddhism - Both consider that.