Tone of coverage Initially we argue that the tone of stories produced by embedded reporters should be more positive in tone toward the military than stories produced by non-embedded journalists.
Literature Review As stated previously, this study seeks to build on previous research into the impact of media embedding on news coverage of U. Living, eating, sleeping, and traveling with a unit leads to the development of interpersonal relationships, so the literature review includes a discussion of social penetration theory to examine how those relationships develop.
Interpersonal relationships are expected to impact the tone and framing techniques used in news stories, so a review of research regarding framing and emotion is included. Finally, the literature review discusses findings related to source credibility, since it is possible that newspaper readers would view the credibility of embedded reporters differently from that of non-embedded reporters.
The theory has often been analogized to peeling back the layers of an onion to expose more intimate layers of a subject.
Taylor and Altman identified four stages of relationships; the first is orientation, which occurs at the beginning of relationships when people are first getting to know each other.
Third is the affective exchange. Researchers have applied social penetration theory to a variety of situations: More recently, the theory of social penetration has been used in studies examining the U. They speculated that the social penetration process would be accelerated for the journalists and members of the military units due to the strenuous combat situation in which the units operated Pfau et.
This accelerated relationship development was presumed to lead the reporters to produce news coverage that was more favorable toward the military than coverage produced by non-embedded journalists Pfau et.
You definitely have a concern about knowing people so well you sympathize with them Kurtz, The current study seeks to replicate the study of embedded television news reports, but in the context of newspaper reports. Based on previous findings, it is expected that embedded newspaper reporters produced coverage that has a more positive tone toward the U.
Compared to non-embedded unilateral coverage, embedded newspaper reports of combat operations: Iyengar goes on to explain that there are two types of framing — episodic and thematic. In television, Iyengar states that the episodic news frame takes the form of a case study or event-oriented report and depicts public issues in terms of concrete instances.
He adds that episodic reports present on-the-scene coverage of hard news and are often visually compelling.
Because most television news is framed in an episodic way, Iyengar states that people attribute the responsibility to individuals instead of to society. Where as episodic framing would not present as much coverage of background material, thematic would.
Iyengar added that thematic would require, in-depth, interpretive analysis, which would take longer to prepare and would be more susceptible to charges of journalistic bias.
Iyengar explains that episodic framing tended to cause people to place blame on individuals as the cause of problems and give responsibility to harsher punishments for treatment, while thematic framing tended to elicit societal responsibility as both the cause and treatment of issues.
In a recent study on the effects of embedding journalists in military units, Pfau et. Embedded reporters will use more episodic framing of their news stories than non-embedded reporters. Emotion The study of emotion consists of three related constructs — affect, emotion, and mood — which are sometimes used as interchangeable terms by researchers.Introduction.
Social penetration theory was first proposed by Altman and Taylor in There after it was further developed by Altman.
This theory is a general approach to interpersonal attraction that looks at the development of an interpersonal relationship from acquaintanceship to close friendship as a gradual and systematic process. The social penetration theory also combines the ideas of rewards and costs from exchange theory in order to account for evaluation processes in ongoing relationships (Chelune, ).
People must have enough trust to peel back the necessary layers to self disclose as a part of social penetration ("Self-Disclosure: Social Penetration"). more people will begin to make PostSecret a part of their social network. Discussion of "Literature Review" Add your voice to this discussion.
Checking your signed in status. LITERATURE REVIEW: Tone of coverage The social penetration theory also combines the ideas of rewards and costs from exchange theory in order to account for evaluation processes in ongoing relationships (Chelune, ).
Reported in the New York Times during Operation Iraqi Freedom, a reporter who had nothing to protect his face . literature review on effectiveness of the use of social media a report for peel public health rebecca schein, phd(1), kumanan wilson msc, md, frcs (2) and jennifer keelan, phd (3).
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Living, eating, sleeping, and traveling with a unit leads to the development of interpersonal relationships, so the literature review includes a discussion of social penetration theory to examine how those relationships develop.