This is why for decades and centuries - long after their authors have gone silent - the writings of Dante, Shakespeare, and Austen, among so many other vital voices, will continue to captivate readers and comment upon life. Literature has innumerable qualities and purposes and can open doors to unique situations and worlds which are never wholly removed from our own. Literature introduces us to memorable characters who often have something in common with us or people we know, and those portraits and portrayals can speak directly to the many questions and challenges we individually or collectively face today. Through literature we can discover new meanings, locate and begin to cross bridges between seemingly distant or dissimilar persons, places, things, and thoughts.
Summary Analysis The play opens to a nicely decorated living room. Nora Helmer enters though the front door, dressed in her outdoor clothes and carrying lots of parcels. She is humming happily to herself. A porter enters behind her and delivers a Christmas tree ; Nora tells the maid to hide it so it is a surprise for the children, and gives the porter a large tip.
The porter and the maid leave, and Nora eats some macaroons from her pocket. At the same time, it will soon become clear that eating the macaroons is a small act of deceit and disobedience, as Torvald forbids them. She has been shopping and asks to show Torvald what she has bought.
Torvald gently scolds her for spending too much.
This impression is emphasized when Nora hides the macaroons, like a mischievous child afraid of getting caught.
Active Themes Nora suggests they could borrow money and pay it back after Torvald receives his paycheck. She is thrilled and thanks him enthusiastically.
And, of course, she has already borrowed money once, early in their marriage. So her obedience is somewhat shallow, and seems more a role she is playing, happily, than something she truly believes in. Nora shows off the presents she has bought for the children a doll for her daughter; a sword and a horse for the boys and the maids, which she admits were cheap.
When Torvald asks what she wants she says she would simply like some money, so she can have longer to think about what she wants and buy herself something later on.
Her choice of toys suggests she buys into traditional gender roles: At the same time, Nora's request for money to buy something for herself suggests she does want the ability to make decisions for herself.
Torvald not entrusting Nora with the money for her own present demonstrates the imbalance of power in their marriage. Active Themes Torvald says that Nora is looking guilty and asks several times if she went to the candy store. Torvald repeatedly expresses his happiness that those times are over now that he has a larger income.
Rank and an unnamed lady arrive. Torvald says he does not want to receive visitors, but it is too late as Dr. Rank is already in his study.
Meanwhile, the lady is waiting to see Nora. The guests are separated by gender, showing a gulf between the sexes. Active Themes Torvald exits to meet Dr. Rank in his study, while the lady, wearing traveling clothes, is shown in to see Nora in the living room.
Soon, however, Nora realizes it is Mrs. Nora remarks that Mrs. Linde has changed a great deal in the eight years since they last saw each other and tells her how happy she has been in the time that has passed.
Nora is surprised and impressed that Mrs. Linde traveled to town in wintertime. Linde get comfortable and says that now Mrs. Linde looks like her old self again, only paler and thinner.A Marxist and Feminist Analysis of the play "A Doll House" by Henrik Ibsen.
Tragedy - Neoclassical: Another attempt to bring back the ancient form had been going on for some time across the English Channel, in France. The French Classical tragedy, whose monuments are Pierre Corneille’s Cid () and Jean Racine’s Bérénice () and Phèdre (), made no attempt to be popular in the way of the Elizabethan theatre.
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